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Changing the Playbook: Immigrants and the COVID-19 Response in Two U.S. Communities

July 27, 2022

U.S. cities and towns have responded to COVID-19 in ways that are as diverse as the communities they aim to support. This report looks at how two very different locations—Worthington, MN, and the greater Houston area—incorporated immigrants into their relief efforts, through partnerships, strategic outreach, targeted assistance, and more. The report also highlights useful lessons for responses to future emergencies.

A Profile of Current DACA Recipients by Education, Industry, and Occupation

July 23, 2018

This fact sheet examines predicted DACA expirations, as well as offers estimates for the educational and workforce characteristics of the nearly 690,000 current DACA holders. Among the national and state-level estimates offered: school enrollment and educational attainment, labor force participation, and top industries and occupations of employment.

Health and Social Service Needs of US-Citizen Children with Detained or Departed Immigrant Parents

September 24, 2015

The second report offers findings from fieldwork in five study sites in California, Florida, Illinois, South Carolina and Texas, examining the involvement of families with a deported parent with health and social service systems, as well as their needs and the barriers they face accessing such services. The researchers find that family economic hardship is highly prevalent following parental detention and deportation, while child welfare system involvement is rarer. Schools represent a promising avenue for interaction with these families and delivery of services, as school officials cannot inquire about immigration status and thus are perceived as safer intermediaries by unauthorized immigrant parents who may be skeptical of interaction with other government agencies. Other important sources of support include health providers, legal service providers and community- and faith-based organizations that immigrants trust.

Executive Action for Unauthorized Immigrants: Estimates of the Populations that Could Receive Relief

September 4, 2014

In the absence of legislative movement to reform the U.S. immigration system, the Obama administration is considering executive action to provide relief from deportation to some of the nation's estimated 11.7 million unauthorized immigrants. These actions could include an expansion of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, extension of deferred action to new populations, or further refinement of enforcement priorities to shrink the pool of those subject to deportation. Using an innovative methodology to analyze the most recent U.S. Census Bureau data to determine unauthorized status, this issue brief examines scenarios for executive action publicly advanced by members of Congress immigrant-rights advocates, and others, providing estimates for DACA expansion or potential populations (such as spouses and parents of U.S. citizens) that might gain deferred action. Among the possible criteria for deferred action that MPI modeled are length of U.S. residence; close family ties to U.S. citizens, legal permanent residents, or DACA beneficiaries; and/or potential eligibility for a green card as the immediate relative of a U.S. citizen.

DACA at the Two-Year Mark: A National and State Profile of Youth Eligible and Applying for Deferred Action

August 6, 2014

Since the Obama administration launched the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program in 2012, which offers temporary relief from deportation and the right to apply for work authorization for certain unauthorized immigrants who came to the United States as children, 55 percent of the 1.2 million youth who immediately met the program's criteria have applied, according to MPI estimates. As the first two-year eligibility period draws to a close, early DACA beneficiaries have begun to apply for renewal, with nearly 25,000 renewal applications submitted as of July 20, 2014.This report provides the most up-to-date estimates available for the size, countries of origin, educational attainment, employment, English proficiency, age, gender, and poverty rates for the DACA population nationally and for key states, based on an analysis of U.S. Census data. The report also offers DACA application rates nationally and in key states, as well as for particular national-origin groups. The MPI researchers find that slightly more than 2.1 million unauthorized immigrants who came to the United States as children are potentially eligible for DACA -- with 1.2 million having immediately met the age, education, length of residence, and other criteria when the initiative launched in 2012. Two other groups could prospectively gain DACA status: 426,000 youth who appeared to fulfill all but the education requirements as of the program's launch, and 473,000 who were too young to apply but become eligible once they reach age 15 if they stay in school or obtain a high school degree or equivalent.The analysis provides a mixed picture of DACA's first two years. On the one hand, the sheer volume of applicants is impressive. On the other, hundreds of thousands of immigrant youth have not yet gained a status that can change their lives in measurable ways, allowing them improved job prospects, the ability to apply for driver's licenses, and more. The report examines the educational, poverty, and other barriers to DACA enrollment.

The Integration of Immigrants and Their Families in Maryland: A Look at Children of Immigrants and Their Families in Maryland

June 30, 2010

Analyzes the population, distribution, origins, family structure, and school readiness and performance of children with at least one foreign-born parent, as well as parents' education, income, homeownership, and public benefit use. Explores implications.

Program in Flux: New Priorities and Implementation Challenges for 287(g)

March 25, 2010

Slightly more than 2.1 million unauthorized immigrant youth and young adults could be eligible to apply for legal status under the DREAM Act legislation pending in Congress, though perhaps fewer than 40 percent would obtain legal status because of barriers limiting their ability to take advantage of the legislation's educational and military service routes to legalization. This MPI analysis offers the most recent and detailed estimates of potential DREAM Act beneficiaries age, education levels, gender, state of residence and likelihood of gaining legalization.

Facing Our Future: Children in the Aftermath of Immigration Enforcement

February 2, 2010

Based on interviews, examines the effects of the arrest, detention, and/or deportation of undocumented parents on their children, including changes in behavior, food sufficiency, and housing. Explores community responses. Makes policy recommendations.

The Integration of Immigrants and Their Families in Maryland: The Contributions of Immigrant Workers to the Economy

August 27, 2008

Details the growth in Maryland's immigrant population and workforce; immigrant demographics, education levels, professional skills, geographic distribution, and other characteristics; and their potential contribution to the economy and tax base.

The Integration of Immigrants in Maryland's Growing Economy

March 1, 2008

Presents a snapshot of Maryland's immigrants -- share of the population, national origins, education levels, and occupations -- as well as of changes in the labor market and the potential benefits of immigration to the economy and tax base.

Immigrant Integration in Low-Income Urban Neighborhoods: Improving Economic Prospects and Strengthening Connections for Vulnerable Families

November 1, 2007

Explores the financial welfare of immigrant groups in ten low-income urban communities, comparing key indicators of economic well-being, advancement, and integration across six immigrant and four U.S.-born race/ethnic groups.

Paying the Price: The Impact of Immigration Raids on America's Children

November 1, 2007

Examines the immediate and long-term impact of worksite immigration raids on children with undocumented parents at three sites, including on their care, housing, economic hardship, and mental health, as well as community response. Makes recommendations.