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Extending Foster Care to Age 21: Weighing the Costs to Government against the Benefits to Youth

June 1, 2009

The Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 allows states to claim federal reimbursement for the costs of caring for and supervising Title IV-E eligible foster youth until their 21st birthday. This issue brief provides preliminary estimates of what the potential costs to government and the benefits to young people would be if states extend foster care to age 21. The analysis focuses on the increase in postsecondary educational attainment associated with allowing foster youth to remain in care until they are 21 years old and the resulting increase in lifetime earnings associated with postsecondary education. Researchers estimate that lifetime earnings would increase an average of two dollars for every dollar spent on keeping foster youth in care beyond age 18.

Gun Violence Among School-Age Youth in Chicago

March 5, 2009

Outlines findings from data reviews, surveys, and interviews on the victims and perpetrators of youth gun violence, turning points for youth involvement, and possible interventions. Highlights the need for evaluations of prevention strategies.