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State of Disaster Philanthropy 2023

January 22, 2024

In 2021, communities worldwide grappled with the impacts of COVID-19 and numerous other devastating disasters, including Hurricane Ida, winter storms and tornado outbreaks in the U.S., Haiti earthquake, Typhoon Rai in the Philippines, and flooding in India, China, Europe and Afghanistan.In the wake of these crises, the 10th annual Measuring the State of Disaster Philanthropy report found that the largest U.S. philanthropic institutions gave less overall in 2021 compared to 2020.

Disasters and the rental housing community: Setting a research and policy agenda

October 5, 2023

The nation's system for managing disasters is broken. Hurricanes, wildfires, earthquakes, and related emergencies caused by increasingly severe and frequent effects from fossil-fuel-induced global climate change can have massive health and financial consequences for communities. Our current disaster management system relies on local, state, and—increasingly—federal resources to support disaster preparedness and mitigation efforts before a disaster; provide evacuation, safety, and relief during; and support rebuilding and recovery after. Yet gaps in public responses to disasters hold especially true for renters, rental properties, and rental housing stakeholders. Renter conditions—the availability, affordability, and quality of rental housing units throughout this timeframe—are a key indicator of climate and disaster vulnerability. And despite renters accounting for over one-third of U.S. households, funding and programming across all disaster stages still disproportionately serve single-family homeowners.There have been calls for "disaster justice" over the last decade, often as an offspring of environmental and housing activism. But equitable disaster processes, outputs, and outcomes have remained poorly defined. To ensure that renters' voices are at the center of any policy or evidence-building agendas, scholars and policy analysts affiliated with the Brookings Institution and Enterprise Community Partners—with generous support from the Walmart Foundation—developed an overview of the key challenges in practice, policy, and evidence on the subject of renters and the disaster continuum, from hazard relief and response through recovery to longer-term hazard mitigation and resilience. The team also hosted a full-day, invitation-only convening of local grassroots tenant organizations, rental housing providers, and regional housing advocates at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C. on July 20, 2023, to answer the question: How can tenants and landlords be better served in programs across the public disaster management system?We approach this challenge comprehensively, starting by including renters at the table. We center renters' perspectives, incorporating their lived experiences into the evidence base when making recommendations about policy that affects their lives. Drawing on this experience, along with additional research, we offer recommendations for tweaks and transformations to practices among local civic organizations, disaster and housing service providers, and responsible government agencies to center the renters who form a significant portion of their resident and survivor populations. These recommendations include: 1) universal renter protections; 2) the prioritization of low-income renters of all kinds in all disaster programs; and 3) requirements for state and local governments to enforce tenant protections and support tenants and rental housing in exchange for access to federal disaster funding. This document narrates the preliminary research and agenda-setting developed for the convening, describes the convening's multiple conversations, and outlines recommendations drawn from workshop participants for improving policy and research.

The AIA and Public-Private Collaborations in Response to the 1950 Cusco Earthquake

March 27, 2023

This report provides an overview of my research at the Rockefeller Archive Center on the role of the American International Association for Economic and Social Development (AIA) in the aftermath of the 1950 earthquake in Cusco, Peru. More specifically, the United Nations contracted AIA director Robert "Pete" Hudgens to lead a mission to evaluate Cusco and make recommendations about its reconstruction and long-term development. The report was extensive and included detailed recommendations about the broader rural area, in addition to the city of Cusco. I hoped to learn more about that collaboration and how it fit into the AIA's mission. Archival materials from Nelson A. Rockefeller's personal papers and the Rockefeller Family Public Relations Department papers revealed a complex web of public-private negotiations over who would fund and administer Cusco's development plan. And yet, many of the plans never came to fruition, raising questions about the extent to which these collaborations benefited most Peruvians.

Rapid Needs Assessment Report for Medical Devices in Healthcare Facilities (North-West Syria)

March 9, 2023

The recent devastating earthquakes in NW Syria, occurring after more than a dozen years of civil war, have left the healthcare system overwhelmed and in desperate need of repair. To determine the feasibility of intervention to assess, maintain and repair medical devices at regional and hospital levels, a rapid field assessment was conducted in NW Syria by Field Ready Türkiye's between 12th and 18th of February 2023. Having worked in that part of Syria since 2017, Field Ready carried out interviews, group discussions and carried out surveys and site visits to nine (9) hospitals. The main takeaways are that poor supply chains and the inability to replace parts have significantly reduce healthcare delivery and Field Ready can play a critical role in addressing the situation.

Syria/Turkey Earthquakes Situation Report #7

March 8, 2023

FAST FACTSThe death toll from earthquakes in Turkey and Syria has surpassed 50,000 people—including 45,968 confirmed deaths in Turkey and 7,259 in Syria.OUR FOOTPRINTInternational Medical Corps has been present in Syria since 2008.We are currently working in 10 governorates across the country, supporting 33 health facilities that in 2022 provided more than 620,000 health consultations and supported 6,850 mental health cases.International Medical Corps worked in Turkey from 2012 until 2018, with extensive programs in southern areas (including Gaziantep, Hatay, Kilis, Mersin and Sanliurfa) providing health, MHPSS, GBV, child protection, nutrition and WASH programs.OUR RESPONSEIn Syria, we are operating six mobile medical units and two mobile medical teams that have provided 7,870 primary, emergency and surgical healthcare consultations.We have conducted PFA sessions in temporary accommodation shelters that have reached 3,254 people.We have delivered more than 15 metric tons of medications, medical supplies and cholera kits to support facilities in Aleppo, Hama and Lattakia, with more supplies on the way.In Turkey, we are working with local partners to procure and distribute nonfood items and food to support IDPs in camps and shelters. So far, our teams have reached 13,626 people with support

Türkiye Earthquake Response Rapid Needs Assessment in Adıyaman, Gaziantep, and Kahramanmaraş

March 6, 2023

In the early hours of February 6, a record-breaking earthquake struck Türkiye's Pazarcık district in Kahramanmaraş. Registering a 7.8 on the Richter scale, the deadly tremor was felt as far away as Egypt and Cyprus.Within hours, a second earthquake of 7.5 magnitude hit Elbistan, Kahramanmaraş. i Thousands of aftershocks followed in the subsequent days and weeks, including several of magnitudes greater than 5.5—escalating the devastation and hindering search and rescue efforts to free the thousands of people trapped among the nearly 200,000 buildings that collapsed or were severely damaged.Almost a month since the initial earthquake, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) estimates more than 5 million people have been impacted, a large portion of whom will continue to need assistance in the coming weeks and months.vii About 750,000 on both sides of the Turkish-Syrian border are believed to be taking refuge in tents, makeshift shelters, or the remnants of destroyed buildings.viii This includes internally displaced populations in northern Syria and thousands of Syrian refugees living in southern Türkiye. Among these highly vulnerable groups are children orphaned or separated from their families by the earthquakes.ix The current situation, coupled with the likelihood that it will take months, if not years, for impacted communities to recover means that significant needs for a coordinated, targeted, and robust intervention across several sectors, including health, mental health and protection services (MHPSS), non-food item (NFI), protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH).

Syria/Turkey Earthquakes Situation Report #6

March 2, 2023

FAST FACTS The death toll from earthquakes in Turkey and Syria has surpassed 50,000 people—including 44,218 deaths recorded in Turkey and 5,914 in Syria. OURFOOTPRINT International Medical Corps has been present in Syria since 2008.We are currently working in 10 governorates across the country, supporting 33 health facilities that in 2022 provided more than 620,000 health consultations and supported 6,850 mental health cases.International Medical Corps worked in Turkey from 2012 until 2018, with extensive programs in southern areas (including Gaziantep, Hatay, Kilis, Mersin and Sanliurfa) providing health, MHPSS, GBV, child protection, nutrition and WASH programs.OUR RESPONSE In Syria, operating three mobile medical units and two mobile medical teams that have provided 4,700 primary and emergency healthcare consultations.Reached more than 1,300 people with psychological first-aid training.Delivered more than 15 metric tons of medications, medical supplies and cholera kits to support facilities in Aleppo, Hama and Lattakia, with more supplies on the way.In Turkey, International Medical Corps has partnered with a local organization to distribute 6,285 non-food items— including winter clothing, towels, blankets and hygiene kits—and more than 700 food baskets to almost 4,800 earthquake-affected people in Hatay

Türkiye Earthquakes - Rapid Needs Assessment Report

March 2, 2023

The purpose of this rapid needs assessment (RNA) is to quickly gather information about the immediate needs of individuals and communities affected by the February 6 2023 earthquakes in Türkiye. The assessment was conducted at the initial stages of the Corus response to provide timely and accurate information to inform the relief efforts.

Rapid Needs Assessment: The February 2023 Earthquake’s Immediate Impact on Syrian SMEs in Türkiye

March 2, 2023

On February 6, 2023, a series of devastating earthquakes in southern Türkiye killed more than 50,00 people in the country and Syria.  The most powerful quakes in the country in the last 100 years have been followed by several violent aftershocks. In the ten earthquake-affected provinces in southern Türkiye, more than 500,000 buildings collapsed, and over 1.5 million people have been left homeless. Among those impacted are approximately two million Syrian refugees living in the affected areas and already previously displaced by the ongoing civil war in Syria.As Building Markets' previous research has found, Syrians have brought their entrepreneurial skills and capital to Türkiye, starting the more than 2,500 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in our network, over 50% of which are located in earthquake-affected areas of southern Türkiye, including in the provinces of Adana, Gaziantep, Hatay, Mersin, and Sanliurfa.While many of these SMEs have no doubt been impacted by the earthquake, there are a few key reasons to focus on their recovery:To meet the immediate and urgent needs of business owners, their staff, and families so they do not fall into deeper vulnerability or risk.To support them in the delivery of much-needed relief in areas that have been devastated by the earthquake.To support livelihoods recovery for the business owners and their staff.To ensure the markets in which these individual businesses operate can recover.This rapid needs assessment aims to understand the earthquake's impact on Syrian-owned and employing SMEs, their business operations, and their most pressing needs. This study will help Building Markets and other stakeholders prioritize necessary support for SME owners, employees, and their families during the earthquake's immediate aftermath to help them resume full business operations and contribute to the relief effort.

Hızlı İhtiyaç Analizi: Şubat 2023 Depreminin Türkiye'deki Suriyeli KOBİ'ler Üzerindeki Ani Etkisi

March 2, 2023

6 Şubat 2023'te, Türkiye'nin güneyinde meydana gelen bir dizi yıkıcı deprem, Türkiye ve Suriye'de 50.000'den fazla insanın ölümüne yol açtı. Son 100 yılda ülkede görülen en güçlü sarsıntı olan depremleri birkaç şiddetli artçı şok izledi. Türkiye'nin güneyindeki depremden etkilenen 10 ilde 500.000'den fazla bina çöktü ve 1,5 milyondan fazla insan evsiz kaldı. Etkilenenler arasında, afet bölgesinde yaşayan ve daha önce Suriye'de devam eden iç savaş nedeniyle yerinden edilmiş yaklaşık iki milyon Suriyeli mülteci de var.Building Markets'in daha önceki araştırmalarının ortaya koyduğu gibi, Suriyeliler girişimcilik becerilerini ve sermayelerini Türkiye'ye getirerek ağımızdaki 2.500'den fazla küçük ve orta ölçekli işletmeyi (KOBİ) kurdular; bunların %50'sinden fazlası Adana, Gaziantep, Hatay, Mersin ve Şanlıurfa illeri de dahil olmak üzere Türkiye'nin güneyindeki depremden etkilenen bölgelerde bulunuyor.Bu KOBİ'lerin birçoğu şüphesiz depremden etkilenmiş olsa da, işletmelerin iyileşmesine odaklanmak için birkaç önemli neden var:İşletme sahiplerinin, çalışanlarının ve ailelerinin acil ihtiyaçlarını karşılamak, böylece daha derin bir kırılganlık veya risk durumuna girmelerini engellemek.Depremde yıkılan bölgelerde çok ihtiyaç duyulan yardımların sağlanmasında onları desteklemek.İşletme sahipleri ve çalışanları için geçim kaynaklarının geri kazanılmasını desteklemek.Söz konusu bireysel işletmelerin faaliyet gösterdiği pazarların toparlanabilmesini sağlamak.Bu hızlı ihtiyaç analizi, depremin Suriyelilere ait ve Suriyelileri istihdam eden KOBİ'ler, onların ticari operasyonları ve en acil ihtiyaçları üzerindeki etkisini anlamayı amaçlamaktadır. Bu çalışma, Building Markets'in ve diğer paydaşların, depremin hemen ardından KOBİ sahiplerine, çalışanlarına ve ailelerine tam iş operasyonlarına devam etmelerine ve yardım çabalarına katkıda bulunmalarına yardımcı olmak için gerekli desteğe öncelik vermelerine yardımcı olacaktır.On February 6, 2023, a series of devastating earthquakes in southern Türkiye killed more than 50,00 people in the country and Syria.  The most powerful quakes in the country in the last 100 years have been followed by several violent aftershocks. In the ten earthquake-affected provinces in southern Türkiye, more than 500,000 buildings collapsed, and over 1.5 million people have been left homeless. Among those impacted are approximately two million Syrian refugees living in the affected areas and already previously displaced by the ongoing civil war in Syria.As Building Markets' previous research has found, Syrians have brought their entrepreneurial skills and capital to Türkiye, starting the more than 2,500 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in our network, over 50% of which are located in earthquake-affected areas of southern Türkiye, including in the provinces of Adana, Gaziantep, Hatay, Mersin, and Sanliurfa.While many of these SMEs have no doubt been impacted by the earthquake, there are a few key reasons to focus on their recovery:To meet the immediate and urgent needs of business owners, their staff, and families so they do not fall into deeper vulnerability or risk.To support them in the delivery of much-needed relief in areas that have been devastated by the earthquake.To support livelihoods recovery for the business owners and their staff.To ensure the markets in which these individual businesses operate can recover.This rapid needs assessment aims to understand the earthquake's impact on Syrian-owned and employing SMEs, their business operations, and their most pressing needs. This study will help Building Markets and other stakeholders prioritize necessary support for SME owners, employees, and their families during the earthquake's immediate aftermath to help them resume full business operations and contribute to the relief effort.

تقييم سريع للاحتياجات: الأثر المباشر لزلزال شباط 2023 ع�� الشر�ات السور�ة الصغ��ة والمتوسطة �� تركيا

March 2, 2023

ت��أقوى الزلازل ال�ي شهد��ا البلاد �� 1 �� 6 شباط2023 ، أدت سلسلة من الزلازل المدمرة �� جنوب تركيا إ�� مقتل أك�� من 000.50�خص �� تركياوسور�ا.المائة عام الماضية عدة هزات ارتدادية عنيفة. �� المقاطعات العشر المتضررة من الزلزال �� جنوب تركيا، ا��ار أك�� من 000,500 مب�ى، وأصبح أك�� من 5.1 مليون2 .ومن ب�ن المتضرر�ن ما يقرب من مليو�ي لا�� سوري �عيشون �� المناطق المتضررة والذين نزحواأساسا �سبب ا�حرب الأهلية المستمرة �� ً �خص بلا مأوى3 سور�كما وجد تالأ بحاث ةالسابق لـ Markets Building ،فقد جلبالسور�ون مهارا��م �� مجال ر�ادة الأعمال ورأس المال إ��تركيا ، حيث أسسوا أك�� من 2500 شركة صغ��ة ومتوسطةا�حجم (KOBİ (المتواجدة �� شبكتنا، وأك�� من 50 ٪م��ا تقع�� المناطق المتضررة من الزلزال جنوب تركيا ، بما �� ذلكمقاطعات أضنة وغازي عنتاب وهاتاي و مرس�ن وأورفھ. � ح�ن أن العديد من هذه الشر�ات الصغ��ة والمتوسطة قد تأثرت بلا شك بالزلزال، إلا أن هناك �عض الأسباب الرئيسية لل��ك�� ع�� �عاف��ا:1 .لتلبية الاحتياجات الفور�ة والعاجلة لأ�حاب الأعمال وموظف��م وعائلا��م ح�ى لا يقعوا �� حالة ضعف أو خطر أك�� .2 .لدعمهم �� إيصال الإغاثة المطلو�ة �شدة �� المناطق ال�ي دمرها الزلزال.3 . .لدعم استعادة سبل العيش لأ�حاب الأعمال وموظف��م.4 .لضمان �عا�� الأسواق ال�ي �عمل ف��ا هذه الشر�ات الفردية. ��دف هذا التقييم السريع للاحتياجات إ�� فهم تأث�� الزلزال ع�� الشر�ات الصغ��ة والمتوسطة ال�ي يملكها السور�ون ويعملون ��ا وعمليا��م التجار�ة واحتياجا��مالأك�� إ�حاحا. ستساعد هذه الدراسة منظمة Markets Building والمنظمات المعنية الأ خرى �� إعطاء الأولو�ة للدعم اللازم لأ�حاب الشر�ات الصغ��ة ًوالمتوسطة والموظف�ن وعائلا��م الف��ة ال�ي ت�� الزلزال مباشرة لمساعد��م ع�� استئناف العمليات التجار�ة ال�املة والمساهمة �� جهود الإغاثة.On February 6, 2023, a series of devastating earthquakes in southern Türkiye killed more than 50,00 people in the country and Syria.  The most powerful quakes in the country in the last 100 years have been followed by several violent aftershocks. In the ten earthquake-affected provinces in southern Türkiye, more than 500,000 buildings collapsed, and over 1.5 million people have been left homeless. Among those impacted are approximately two million Syrian refugees living in the affected areas and already previously displaced by the ongoing civil war in Syria.As Building Markets' previous research has found, Syrians have brought their entrepreneurial skills and capital to Türkiye, starting the more than 2,500 small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in our network, over 50% of which are located in earthquake-affected areas of southern Türkiye, including in the provinces of Adana, Gaziantep, Hatay, Mersin, and Sanliurfa.While many of these SMEs have no doubt been impacted by the earthquake, there are a few key reasons to focus on their recovery:To meet the immediate and urgent needs of business owners, their staff, and families so they do not fall into deeper vulnerability or risk.To support them in the delivery of much-needed relief in areas that have been devastated by the earthquake.To support livelihoods recovery for the business owners and their staff.To ensure the markets in which these individual businesses operate can recover.This rapid needs assessment aims to understand the earthquake's impact on Syrian-owned and employing SMEs, their business operations, and their most pressing needs. This study will help Building Markets and other stakeholders prioritize necessary support for SME owners, employees, and their families during the earthquake's immediate aftermath to help them resume full business operations and contribute to the relief effort.

Türkiye/Syria: A human rights response to the 6 February earthquakes

February 23, 2023

The catastrophic earthquakes that devastated southeastern Türkiye and northern Syria on 6 February and again on 20 February require a committed and sustained global humanitarian response.To date, the combined death toll is over 46,000 and climbing. Hundreds of thousands have been left homeless and without shelter, food, potable water, and medical care. Thousands remain missing.Türkiye has invoked a state of emergency in the affected provinces. Aid provision in Syria has been slowed down and obstructed by political considerations and logistical difficulties that have eclipsed the need for an urgent and immediate response to people's needs in the northwest.In responding to a major crisis, there must be concerted efforts towards the promotion and protection of the human rights of everyone. These include:the right to lifeprotection against arbitrary detentionsecurity of personfreedom from torture and other ill-treatmentfreedom of expression and associationprotection for refugees and asylum seekers and protecting migrants' rightseconomic, social, and cultural rights – including access to housing, adequate nutrition, potable water, sanitation, healthcare, and aid without discrimination.