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Responsible AI Adoption Framework in Philanthropy: An Initial Framework for Grantmakers

December 6, 2023

As society grapples with the increasing prevalence of AI tools, this framework addresses the need for grantmakers to adopt AI in alignment with their core values. It emphasizes the responsibility of philanthropic organizations to ensure that the usage of AI enables human flourishing, minimizes risk, and maximizes benefit. Beyond AI adoption, the framework also calls for foundations to play a crucial role in advancing the responsible use of AI for nonprofit enablement.

Hispanic Victims of Lethal Firearms Violence in the United States (2023)

December 6, 2023

In 2001, the United States experienced a historic demographic change. For the first time, Hispanics became the largest minority group in the nation, exceeding the number of Black residents. With a population in 2020 of 62.1 million, Hispanics represent 18.7 percent of the total population of the United States.This study is intended to report on Hispanic homicide victimization and suicide in the United States, the role of firearms in homicide and suicide, and overall gun death figures. Recognizing this demographic landscape, the importance of documenting such victimization is clear. Indeed, studies have found that Hispanic individuals are more likely to die by firearm homicide compared to white, non-Hispanic individuals.

Víctimas hispanas de violencia letal por armas de fuego en Estados Unidos (2023)

December 6, 2023

En 2001 los Estados Unidos experimentaron un cambio demográfico de carácter histórico. Por primera vez los hispanos se convirtieron en el grupo minoritario más grande del país, al sobrepasar en número a los residentes de raza negra. Con una población de 62.1 millones en 2020, los hispanos constituyen 18.7 por ciento del total de la población de los Estados Unidos.Este estudio busca informar sobre la victimización por homicidios y suicidios de la población hispana en los Estados Unidos, así como el papel que juegan las armas de fuego en homicidios y suicidios, y también las cifras totales de muertes por armas de fuego. La importancia de documentar dicha victimización queda clara al percatarnos del respectivo panorama demográfico en que ocurre. En efecto, hay estudios que han encontrado que una persona hispana tiene más probabilidades de morir por homicidio con arma de fuego que una persona blanca no-hispana.

Beyond Compliance: Preliminary Findings from an Investigation of Climate and Flooding Data Systems in the United States

December 6, 2023

Government agencies and researchers in the United States have collected and shared environmental and climate data for decades in an effort to understand how climate change is impacting our communities, infrastructures, industries, and ecosystems. Much of this data is open in theory; many datasets maintained by federal agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) are required to make their data publicly available and usable.But large gaps in available data and granularity issues prevent meaningful public use. Other sources—municipal governments, university researchers, and community data collection projects—can help fill data gaps. Still, these sources face their own challenges, such as unclear licensing agreements, limited resources or technical capacity, as well as equity concerns (including data collection procedures that result in poorer quality data regarding low income neighborhoods).Modernizing this data infrastructure, as well as channels for integrating information from different sources, can support actors both within and outside of government to use this wealth of data for a variety of purposes.As part of the larger Beyond Compliance initiative, which aims to make government-derived environmental data more accessible and usable to a diversity of users and for a range of purposes, we are investigating challenges and opportunities related to data in the context of climate change resilience and adaptation planning.

Prison Plastic Surgery: The Biopolitics of Appearance and Crime in New York’s Civil Rights Era

December 4, 2023

From 1920 to 1990, around 500,000 US incarcerees received free plastic surgery during their incarceration. The majority of the surgeries — which included facelifts, rhinoplasty, chin implants, blepharoplasties, breast implants, etc. — were performed for purely cosmetic reasons, under the broad banner of prisoner rehabilitation. The underlying notion was to assist marginalized individuals in assimilating into society by capitalizing on prevailing beauty biases. New York was an early prison plastic surgery pioneer, alongside other rehabilitative offerings, but these programs were not without controversy. Concerned, in 1968, Governor Nelson Rockefeller charged the Department of Crime Control Planning to investigate the long-term outcomes of various recidivism programs, a project that spanned five years and covered 231 methodologies. This research report outlines the early emphasis on prisoner beautification, and the broader shift in carceral policies from rehabilitative to punitive, based on a review of records in the Rockefeller Archive Center pertaining to correctional reform, access to healthcare, and civil rights issues. This report summarizes my preliminary findings from the archives, and adds additional context to my book, Killer Looks: The Forgotten History of Plastic Surgery In Prisons, (Prometheus Books, 2021), which explored the history of criminal reform through the lens of beauty and bias.  Using records, the majority unearthed from the Joint Commission on Correctional Manpower and Training in the Nelson A. Rockefeller Gubernatorial Records, along with records from the Bureau of Social Hygiene, the Ford Foundation, and the Rockefeller Brothers Fund archives, I discuss rehabilitative ideals and lookism, intermingled with political wrangling and efficacy in twentieth-century New York. My work deals with correctional healthcare and surgery, but more broadly, it is about the shift from a rehabilitative to a punitive approach to crime. As contemporary discourse returns to the importance of rehabilitation, the insights presented in this research will foster current conversations and enable us to learn from the past. 

Research manual: Analyzing Candid’s demographic data

December 1, 2023

To better understand the demographic identities of those working in the nonprofit sector and to reduce the reporting burden on nonprofits, Candid collects and shares demographic data about staff and board members from a growing number of U.S. nonprofits and foundations. This manual provides background and best practices for those looking to understand and use this data set for research and analysis.

FAQ: Candid's nonprofit demographic data

December 1, 2023

This FAQ answers commonly asked questions about the nonprofit demographic data that Candid collects for those looking to better understand this data set and use it in their own work. The brief FAQ provides background on what the data represents, where it comes from, and how it is collected. Information about data completeness and representativeness is also included.

U.S. Based Workforce and Board Composition Report by Race/Ethnicity, Gender and Job Category 2023

December 1, 2023

W.K. Kellogg Foundation's workforce composition and how it has changed over time.

Maternal Suicide in the U.S.: Opportunities for Improved Data Collection and Health Care System Change Issue Brief (Updated Sept 2023)

November 29, 2023

Maternal suicide is a leading cause of maternal mortality in the US. While maternal mortality has rightfully garnered increasing attention in recent years, maternal suicide has been historically overlooked as a cause of maternal mortality because national maternal mortality rates previously excluded suicides as pregnancy-related deaths, instead classifying maternal suicides deaths as incidental or accidental deaths. According to the provisional data from the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) there was a record high number of deaths in 2022 from suicide for the general US population. It is important to continue to address suicide prevention efforts for the general and maternal population.

Report: U.S. Counties with the Highest Maternal Mental Health Risk and Lowest Resources Revealed

November 29, 2023

The risk factors contributing to maternal mental health (MMH) disorders are complex and known to disproportionately impact communities of color, rural communities, and other groups facing systemic inequities. However, until recently, little has been known regarding the geographic county-level distribution of risk nor the available MMH provider resources.Earlier this year, with financial support from Plum Organics, the Policy Center released the first-of-its kind interactive map to track MMH risk and providers by county. The map uncovered an immense need for increased access to MMH providers and programs.The report illustrates where, in the U.S., mothers are at the greatest risk for suffering from maternal mental health disorders and where the greatest need for providers are. An estimated 62 million birthing-age, American women, or 96% of the potential perinatal population live in maternal mental health professional shortage areas. 13,885 providers are needed across the United States to fill these shortage gaps.

Fact Sheet: Maternal Mental Health

November 29, 2023

This fact sheet explores the prevalence and range of disorders associated with maternal mental health disorders. 

Parents Engaging Community: A Model for Early Childhood Systems Leaders to Generate Field-Initiated, Parent-Informed Approaches for Serving Families Experiencing Homelessness

November 29, 2023

The following document is intended for early childhood policymakers, funders, state and local government, coalitions, and program directors seeking to improve early childhood systems' accessibility and responsiveness to children and families experiencing homelessness. Cuidando Los Niños draws from its 30 years of service and experience facilitating a stakeholder coalition and advocacy group for parents with a lived experience of homelessness. The report makes the compelling case, describes impacts, and shares considerations for one model of parent and practitioner engagement utilized by this seasoned homeless-serving preschool to drive community-led systems change at the intersection of early childhood education and homelessness.